Your Senior Dog&Cat
Old age is not a disease
As a result of advances in veterinary medicine, more knowledgeable care and improved nutrition, dogs & cats are now living much longer, healthier lives. But, just as for humans, the passage of time has its effects, and you may begin to notice that your once-frisky pet seems to have slowed down a bit. Being aware of the natural changes that can occur as your dog & cat reaches his or her golden years, as well as what you can do to help keep your pet as healthy, active and comfortable as possible, can ensure that you both enjoy this final stage in your dog & cat’s life to the fullest.
How-and when-will I know that my dog & cat is getting “old”?
As dog & cats move into the geriatric phase of their lives, they experience gradual changes that are remarkably like those of aging humans: hair turns grey, their bodies are not as limber and reflexes not as sharp as they once were, hearing, eyesight and the sense of smell may deteriorate and energy levels, as well as attention spans, seem to diminish. In fact, the first sign of aging is often a general decrease in activity, combined with a tendency to sleep longer and more soundly. In dogs such signs may begin to manifest themselves before 8 years in large breeds like Great Danes, while smaller breeds can remain youthful until 12 years and even longer. Furthermore, a healthy dog, will most likely age later than one that has been affected by disease or environmental problems early in life. Again, as with humans, the aging process will vary with the individual. Your veterinarian will be able to judge when it’s time to consider your pet a “senior”.
In cats such signs may begin to manifest themselves anywhere between the ages of 7 and 11. Furthermore, a healthy cat who lives indoors, especially one that has been spayed or neutered, will most likely age later than one which has been affected by disease or environmental problems early in life. Thus, while wild or feral tomcats have an average life span of only 3 years, a castrated male house cat that is well cared for can live happily and healthily into his late teens or early twenties.
Checkup time now comes twice a year
As your dog & cat ages, regular checkups at the veterinarian’s become more important than ever. In fact, at this stage of your pet’s life, it is recommended that he or she receive a thorough examination every 6 months, as adult dogs can age as much as 3 years and cats 4 years (in human terms) within the period of one calendar year. Besides the usual complete physical examination, your veterinarian may conduct a urine and fecal analysis as well as ultrasound or other imaging tests. Furthermore, many vets now recommend minimum yearly blood screens for senior pets. If your cat goes outdoors, or is part of a multi-feline household, he or she may also recommend that your pet be tested for the presence of feline leukemia or immunodeficiency virus.
Keep your vet informed
Most importantly, you should tell your veterinarian about any noticeable change in your dog & cat’s physical condition or behaviour. A problem that you may assume is simply related to your pet’s advanced age may actually be the result of a treatable medical condition. For example, your dog & cat’s reluctance to exercise may not stem from the normal decrease in energy that comes with age, but from arthritis or a heart condition both of which can be managed with the proper treatment. Regular, semi-annual checkups can thus help your veterinarian work out a suitable preventative health program for your pet and catch any problems sufficiently early to provide effective treatment. Working together, you can both ensure that your dog & cat’s senior years will be healthy and happy ones.
Something to chew on
As your pet ages, your dog & cat’s nutritional needs may also change. You may find that, although your pet is eating less, he still puts on weight. This could be due to a slowdown of his metabolism or a decrease in his activity. Excess weight can aggravate many canine medical conditions, including heart, respiratory, skin and joint problems. To help a portly pet reduce, try feeding smaller quantities of food or gradually switch to a diet that is lower in calories. Other dog & cats have entirely the opposite problem – they lose weight as they age, sometimes as the result of heart or periodontal disease or diabetes.
In either case, ask your veterinarian for advice about your pet’s individual nutritional requirements.
Put comfort on the menu
You should also ensure that your dog is comfortable while eating. Most pet owners place food dishes and water bowls on the floor, but this may be a source of discomfort for a large or overweight dog, or for one whose arthritis makes it difficult – or even painful – to bend down. Many pet supply outlets have eating tables that are specially designed with cut-outs for food and water containers and available in various heights to suit various sizes of dogs. Or you can fashion your own inexpensive solution to this problem: for example, a plastic crate covered in a towel to absorb spills.
Senior dog & cat food do’s & don’ts
Since food with high mineral and protein content should be avoided, Ask your veterinarian for recommendations about a type that’s right for your dog & cat.
Do consider, in consultation with your veterinarian, increasing the level of fibre in his diet, especially if he suffers from frequent constipation.
Don’t feed your dog or cat meal snacks or table scraps. Do make sure that your cat’s diet is well balanced, highly palatable, digestible and contains potassium and taurine.
Do try warming food to body temperature – it may make meals more tempting to senior cats with poor appetites.
The top 10 health tips for senior dogs
Take your dog or cat to his or her veterinarian for twice-yearly checkups.
Become informed about conditions and diseases common to senior dog & cats, be on the lookout for symptoms and, should they arise, inform your dog or cats veterinarian promptly.
Feed your dog & cat the best food you can afford and consider giving him two small meals a day rather than one large one.
Don’t overfeed-obesity causes many health problems and may shorten your dog & cat’s life.
Consider, on your veterinarian’s recommendation, the use of dietary supplements such as glucosamine/chondroitin for arthritis.
Make sure your dog & cat receives adequate exercise, according to his physical capacities.
Look after your dog & cat’s dental health. Brush his teeth daily and have them cleaned professionally when your veterinarian so advises.
Have your veterinarian do a risk assessment to determine an appropriate vaccination protocol for your dog & cat.
Do your utmost to control ticks and fleas and make sure your dog & cat in his environment (his bed, play area, etc.) are always spotlessly clean.
Check your cat’s nails weekly and trim them as often as necessary, as senior cats may not use their scratching posts as often as they did when younger.
Give your dog & cats lots of love and attention and do all you can to keep him interested, active, happy and comfortable.
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